The United States: Her Natural and Industrial Resources
Natural gas: this is mainly used to power appliances which use natural gas rather than electricity. Crude oil: this is used to come up with a number of petroleum products including kerosene, diesel and petrol which are Bauxite: bauxite is the ore from which aluminium is extracted. It is. Nov 10, · Oil, Coal, and Gas. America has the world's largest reserves of coal, at billion short tons or 27% of the total. 6 ? This abundant source of energy helped fuel U.S. growth during the Industrial Revolution. It fueled steamships and steam-powered railroads.
The US is home to many natural resources. The country is undoubtedly a viable destination for investors who want to tap nayural the potential what is innocent spouse relief from irs in the fibres of its vast reserves of natural resources.
These are the major natural resources that can be found in the US. There are others which are present in minute concentrations and are thus left out of the list. For example, some parts of the US are actually in possession of rare earth metals. The state of California is one state where such mineral resources can be found but they do not fare well when compared natura, other natural resources which the country boasts of.
Further, there are also some natural resources which used to be in existence in the past but have been depleted owing to their diminishing nature. This mainly applies to mineral resources including some rare earth elements which are no longer available following their depletion.
For example, the Mountain Pass Rare Earth Mine in California was a source of certain rare earth elements but ran out of some of them prior to its closure. Your email address will not be published. Prev Post Next Post. Leave a Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
The United States is one of the largest global producers of the metals and minerals powering manufacturing – from precious metals such as gold and silver to copper, nickel, iron, lead, uranium, bauxite, mercury, tungsten and zinc. The nation is also the leading producer and consumer of phosphates, a key ingredient in fertilizers used in agricultural production. Jan 04, · North America is a leading producer of coal, used in energy production; bauxite, used to create aluminum; iron and copper, both used in construction; and nickel, used to create steel, which North American companies export around the world. Gold and silver mines operate in . Other natural resources are air, sunlight, soil and water. Animals, birds, fish and plants are natural resources as well. Natural resources are used to make food, fuel and raw materials for the production of goods. All of the food that people eat comes from plants or animals. Natural resources such as coal, natural gas and oil provide heat, light and power. Natural resources also are the.
North America, the third-largest continent , extends from the tiny Aleutian Islands in the northwest to the Isthmus of Panama in the south. North Americas physical geography , environment and resource s, and human geography can be considered separately. North America benefits greatly from its fertile soil s, plentiful freshwater , oil and mineral deposits, and forests. With a strong domestic and export economy focused on this abundant array of natural resource s, North America has become one of the most developed regions in the world.
Agriculture From the freezing Arctic to the tropical jungle s of Central America, North America enjoys more climate variation than any other continent. Almost every type of ecosystem is represented somewhere on the continent, from coral reef s in the Caribbean to the ice sheet in Greenland. These differences contribute to North Americas variety of agricultural industries, which are often divided by climate zone: tropical zone, subtropical zone, cool temperate zone, and dry zone.
In the tropical zones of North America, farmers harvest oranges, sugar cane, coffee, cocoa, and bananas. These crops grow on coastal plains and humid mountain slopes. Cotton and hemp are cultivate d in the warmer and drier intermediate climate zone. These crops are important exports for Central American countries. Fruits, vegetables, cotton, and tobacco are predominant in the warm, subtropical zones of northern Mexico and the United States.
Important agricultural areas in this zone include the Rio Grande Valley citrus fruits in the U. These areas benefit from ample rain and warm air current s. Agriculture in North Americas tropical and subtropical zones is threatened by monoculture. Monoculture is the practice of growing one crop in an area over a long period of time.
Monoculture is a risky way of farming for two reasons. First, the soil may lose its nutrient s. The nitrogen and phosphates in the soil do not have time to accumulate if the field is not allowed to be fallow, or rest.
Planting other, less-intensive crops can also help the soil recover its natural nutrients. The second reason monoculture puts crops at risk is the possibility of disease. A disease affecting a single species of plant could devastate an entire crop, and the community's livelihood. Planting a variety of crops minimizes the risk of disease.
Farmers and agribusinesses combat the threats of monoculture with the use of fertilizers and pesticides. Fertilizers replenish nutrients such as phosphates and nitrates to the soil. Pesticide s target diseases brought by pests of a single plant. However, extensive use of fertilizers and pesticides can have a harmful impact on the environment.
Runoff from agricultural fields can pollute rivers, lakes, and the ocean. The continents cool temperate zones are ideal for hardy fruits, such as apples and peaches. These areas benefit from excellent drainage and predictable, established frost s. Dairy animals, including cows, goats, and sheep, feed on the hay and hardy small grains that thrive in New England and the Great Lakes-St.
Lawrence region along the Atlantic coast. This is the Dairy Belt. The Corn Belt, located between the Ohio River and the lower Missouri River, receives ample water and strong summer sun, ideal for corn and soybeans. This vast area of the Great Plains allows wheat to be cultivated in both winter and spring.
Dry zones, common in the southwestern U. Ranches with thousands of cattle are common in this region. Traditionally, livestock fed on locally grown fodder such as prairie grasses. However, irrigation for fruit and cotton farming has drained water supplies in the region. Native grasses cannot nourish the huge herds of livestock kept by ranchers.
Cattle, sheep, hogs, and other livestock are less likely to graze than to eat corn-based feed. In fact, most of the corn grown in the Corn Belt is feeder corn used for livestock feed. Forestry Forestry is a major economic activity for much of North America. Forestry is the management, cultivation, and harvesting of trees and other vegetation in forests. In the Pacific Northwest, for instance, logging companies harvest cedar, fir, and spruce trees.
Lumber from these trees is exported around the world for construction. Some of the continents largest paper mills are found in these temperate rain forests. In addition to paper, paper mills produce cardboard and fiberboard. Overharvest ing of timber is a concern throughout North America. The reduction of forested land reduces biodiversity and threatens the longevity of the timber industry.
The logging industry and local government s must work together to develop sustainable plans to harvest timber. The Mexican government, for example, created the ProArbol pro-tree campaign with the objectives of conserving and restoring forests.
The campaign pledges to plant more than million trees in urban and rural Mexico. ProArbol also works to ensure that Mexican forests positively influence biodiversity and human health. Mining Extractive activities, such as mining and drilling, dominate the North American economy. Mining provides billions of dollars and millions of jobs throughout the continent.
North America is a leading producer of coal , used in energy production; bauxite, used to create aluminum; iron and copper, both used in construction; and nickel, used to create steel , which North American companies export around the world. Gold and silver mines operate in the western part of the continent. Extractive activities have been a major part of the economies of North America for hundreds of years.
For example, gold mining helped spur development in the U. Coal remains a primary industry for the U. Coal is a type of sedimentary rock found deep underground, formed from the remains of ancient plants. When burned, coal is an excellent source of energy and is mostly used as fuel for electricity -generating power plants. Coal can be mined underground or in large, open pits. Mining is a dangerous industry. Coal is combustible , meaning it catches fire and explodes easily.
Coal dust is toxic when breathed for long periods of time. Mines are vulnerable to collapse. Mining accidents have led companies and governments to pursue regulation s that ensure greater safety for miners. In , for instance, a coal mine in Sago, West Virginia, exploded. Thirteen miners were trapped hundreds of meters below ground. Only one miner survived. The so-called Sago mine disaster prompted calls for greater communication and safety technology to be employed at mining sites throughout North America.
Coal mining can also have a negative impact on the environment. Mountaintop removal mining MTR has eliminated entire mountain ecosystems in the Appalachians. This type of mining also results in coal waste products being stored near public land. Improper storage of these waste products has damaged ecosystems and threatened human health.
In , a massive spill resulted in 1. The spill damaged homes and entered into the Emory and Clinch Rivers, killing large fish populations and threatening water supplies. Drilling North America is home to vast deposits of oil and natural gas, which are drilled for energy and fuel.
Oil and gas extraction are key elements of North Americas economy. The United States, Canada, and Mexico are among the worlds top oil producers. The Athabasca tar sands , in the Canadian province of Alberta, are the worlds largest reservoir of heavy crude oil. More than 20 national and international extraction projects are established in the Athabasca tar sands.
The extraction and processing of crude oil, however, destroys the areas boreal forest s and diverts an incredible volume of water from local rivers. The heavy crude oil from tar sands also emits 20 percent more carbon dioxide than emissions from light crude oil. Oil and gas extraction is the dominant industry around the Gulf and Arctic regions of North America. Mexico leads other North American countries as one of the top oil exporters in the world, largely because of its reserves in and around the Gulf.
Although both the United States and Canada produce more oil than Mexico, they also consume far more. Both countries are mostly importers, not exporters, of oil and natural gas.
Oil and natural gas, like coal, are nonrenewable resource s. Global demand for fossil fuel s has caused multinational corporation s to drill in remote and dangerous regions. Scientists and engineers have developed more complex technology to search for deposits. Oil companies are forced to drill deeper and in more remote areas to extract these resources. The impact of these extractive activities is unknown.
However, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in April has put into question the safety and sustainability of high-tech extractive industries. Deepwater Horizon was an offshore oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico, capable of drilling to depths of 9, meters 30, feet. The rig exploded, killing 11 workers and causing a massive oil spill that took months to control.
The impact on the environment was felt in the U.
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